Intel Core i5-12400F vs AMD Ryzen 5 5600X

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CPU comparison with benchmarks


Intel Core i5-12400F CPU1 vs CPU2 AMD Ryzen 5 5600X
Intel Core i5-12400F AMD Ryzen 5 5600X

CPU comparison

Intel Core i5-12400F or AMD Ryzen 5 5600X - which processor is faster? In this comparison we look at the differences and analyze which of these two CPUs is better. We compare the technical data and benchmark results.

The Intel Core i5-12400F has 6 cores with 12 threads and clocks with a maximum frequency of 4.40 GHz. Up to 128 GB of memory is supported in 2 memory channels. The Intel Core i5-12400F was released in Q1/2022.

The AMD Ryzen 5 5600X has 6 cores with 12 threads and clocks with a maximum frequency of 4.60 GHz. The CPU supports up to 128 GB of memory in 2 memory channels. The AMD Ryzen 5 5600X was released in Q4/2020.
Intel Core i5 (331) Family AMD Ryzen 5 (86)
Intel Core i 12000 (34) CPU group AMD Ryzen 5000 (14)
12 Generation 4
Alder Lake S Architecture Vermeer (Zen 3)
Desktop / Server Segment Desktop / Server
Intel Core i5-11400F Predecessor AMD Ryzen 5 3600X
Intel Core i5-13400F Successor AMD Ryzen 5 7600X

CPU Cores and Base Frequency

The Intel Core i5-12400F is a 6 core processor with a clock frequency of 2.50 GHz (4.40 GHz). The AMD Ryzen 5 5600X has 6 CPU cores with a clock frequency of 3.70 GHz (4.60 GHz).

Intel Core i5-12400F Characteristic AMD Ryzen 5 5600X
6 Cores 6
12 Threads 12
normal Core architecture normal
Yes Hyperthreading Yes
No Overclocking ? Yes
2.50 GHz Frequency 3.70 GHz
4.40 GHz Turbo Frequency (1 Core) 4.60 GHz
4.00 GHz Turbo Frequency (All Cores) 4.30 GHz

NPU AI performance

The performance values of the processor's AI unit. The isolated NPU performance is specified here, the total AI performance (NPU+CPU+iGPU) can be higher. Processors with support for artificial intelligence (AI) and machine learning (ML) can process many calculations, especially audio, image and video processing, much faster than classic processors.

Intel Core i5-12400F Characteristic AMD Ryzen 5 5600X
-- AI hardware --
-- AI specifications --
-- NPU + CPU + iGPU --

Integrated graphics (iGPU)

The integrated graphics unit of a processor is not only responsible for the pure image output on the system, but can also significantly increase the efficiency of the system with the support of modern video codecs.

no iGPU GPU no iGPU
GPU frequency --
-- GPU (Turbo) --
-- GPU Generation --
Technology
Max. displays
-- Compute units --
-- Shader --
No Hardware Raytracing No
No Frame Generation No
-- Max. GPU Memory --
-- DirectX Version --

Hardware codec support

A photo or video codec that is accelerated in hardware can greatly accelerate the working speed of a processor and extend the battery life of notebooks or smartphones when playing videos.

no iGPU GPU no iGPU
No Codec h265 / HEVC (8 bit) No
No Codec h265 / HEVC (10 bit) No
No Codec h264 No
No Codec VP9 No
No Codec VP8 No
No Codec AV1 No
No Codec AVC No
No Codec VC-1 No
No Codec JPEG No

Memory & PCIe

The Intel Core i5-12400F supports a maximum of 128 GB of memory in 2 memory channels. The AMD Ryzen 5 5600X can connect up to 128 GB of memory in 2 memory channels.

Intel Core i5-12400F Characteristic AMD Ryzen 5 5600X
DDR5-4800, DDR4-3200 Memory DDR4-3200
128 GB Max. Memory 128 GB
2 (Dual Channel) Memory channels 2 (Dual Channel)
76.8 GB/s Max. Bandwidth 51.2 GB/s
No ECC Yes
7.50 MB L2 Cache 3.00 MB
18.00 MB L3 Cache 32.00 MB
5.0 PCIe version 4.0
20 PCIe lanes 20
78.8 GB/s PCIe Bandwidth 39.4 GB/s

Thermal Management

The TDP (Thermal Design Power) of a processor specifies the required cooling solution. The Intel Core i5-12400F has a TDP of 65 W, that of the AMD Ryzen 5 5600X is 65 W.

Intel Core i5-12400F Characteristic AMD Ryzen 5 5600X
65 W TDP (PL1 / PBP) 65 W
117 W TDP (PL2) --
-- TDP up --
-- TDP down --
100 °C Tjunction max. 90 °C

Technical details

The Intel Core i5-12400F has a 25.50 MB cache, while the AMD Ryzen 5 5600X cache has a total of 35.00 MB.

Intel Core i5-12400F Characteristic AMD Ryzen 5 5600X
10 nm Technology 7 nm
Monolithic Chip design Chiplet
x86-64 (64 bit) Instruction set (ISA) x86-64 (64 bit)
SSE4.1, SSE4.2, AVX2, AVX2+ ISA extensions SSE4a, SSE4.1, SSE4.2, AVX2, FMA3
LGA 1700 Socket AM4 (PGA 1331)
VT-x, VT-x EPT, VT-d Virtualization AMD-V, SVM
Yes AES-NI Yes
Windows 10, Windows 11, Linux Operating systems Windows 10, Windows 11, Linux
Q1/2022 Release date Q4/2020
167 $ Release price 299 $
show more data show more data


Rate these processors

Here you can rate the Intel Core i5-12400F to help other visitors make their purchasing decisions. The average rating is 4.2 stars (91 ratings). Rate now:
Here you can rate the AMD Ryzen 5 5600X to help other visitors make their purchasing decisions. The average rating is 4.5 stars (64 ratings). Rate now:


Average performance in benchmarks

⌀ Single core performance in 5 CPU benchmarks
Intel Core i5-12400F (100%)
AMD Ryzen 5 5600X (94%)
⌀ Multi core performance in 8 CPU benchmarks
Intel Core i5-12400F (98%)
AMD Ryzen 5 5600X (94%)

Cinebench 2024 (Single-Core)

The Cinebench 2024 benchmark is based on the Redshift rendering engine, which is also used in Maxon's 3D program Cinema 4D. The benchmark runs are each 10 minutes long to test whether the processor is limited by its heat generation.
Intel Core i5-12400F Intel Core i5-12400F
6C 12T @ 4.40 GHz
102 (100%)
AMD Ryzen 5 5600X AMD Ryzen 5 5600X
6C 12T @ 4.60 GHz
94 (92%)

Cinebench 2024 (Multi-Core)

The Multi-Core test of the Cinebench 2024 benchmark uses all cpu cores to render using the Redshift rendering engine, which is also used in Maxons Cinema 4D. The benchmark run is 10 minutes long to test whether the processor is limited by its heat generation.
Intel Core i5-12400F Intel Core i5-12400F
6C 12T @ 4.40 GHz
701 (100%)
AMD Ryzen 5 5600X AMD Ryzen 5 5600X
6C 12T @ 4.60 GHz
639 (91%)

Cinebench R23 (Single-Core)

Cinebench R23 is the successor of Cinebench R20 and is also based on the Cinema 4 Suite. Cinema 4 is a worldwide used software to create 3D forms. The single-core test only uses one CPU core, the amount of cores or hyperthreading ability doesn't count.
Intel Core i5-12400F Intel Core i5-12400F
6C 12T @ 4.40 GHz
1623 (100%)
AMD Ryzen 5 5600X AMD Ryzen 5 5600X
6C 12T @ 4.60 GHz
1593 (98%)

Cinebench R23 (Multi-Core)

Cinebench R23 is the successor of Cinebench R20 and is also based on the Cinema 4 Suite. Cinema 4 is a worldwide used software to create 3D forms. The multi-core test involves all CPU cores and taks a big advantage of hyperthreading.
Intel Core i5-12400F Intel Core i5-12400F
6C 12T @ 4.00 GHz
12454 (100%)
AMD Ryzen 5 5600X AMD Ryzen 5 5600X
6C 12T @ 4.30 GHz
10988 (88%)

Geekbench 5, 64bit (Single-Core)

Geekbench 5 is a cross plattform benchmark that heavily uses the systems memory. A fast memory will push the result a lot. The single-core test only uses one CPU core, the amount of cores or hyperthreading ability doesn't count.
Intel Core i5-12400F Intel Core i5-12400F
6C 12T @ 4.40 GHz
1647 (100%)
AMD Ryzen 5 5600X AMD Ryzen 5 5600X
6C 12T @ 4.60 GHz
1572 (95%)

Geekbench 5, 64bit (Multi-Core)

Geekbench 5 is a cross plattform benchmark that heavily uses the systems memory. A fast memory will push the result a lot. The multi-core test involves all CPU cores and taks a big advantage of hyperthreading.
Intel Core i5-12400F Intel Core i5-12400F
6C 12T @ 4.00 GHz
9451 (100%)
AMD Ryzen 5 5600X AMD Ryzen 5 5600X
6C 12T @ 4.30 GHz
8420 (89%)

Geekbench 6 (Single-Core)

Geekbench 6 is a benchmark for modern computers, notebooks and smartphones. What is new is an optimized utilization of newer CPU architectures, e.g. based on the big.LITTLE concept and combining CPU cores of different sizes. The single-core benchmark only evaluates the performance of the fastest CPU core, the number of CPU cores in a processor is irrelevant here.
Intel Core i5-12400F Intel Core i5-12400F
6C 12T @ 4.40 GHz
2197 (100%)
AMD Ryzen 5 5600X AMD Ryzen 5 5600X
6C 12T @ 4.60 GHz
2113 (96%)

Geekbench 6 (Multi-Core)

Geekbench 6 is a benchmark for modern computers, notebooks and smartphones. What is new is an optimized utilization of newer CPU architectures, e.g. based on the big.LITTLE concept and combining CPU cores of different sizes. The multi-core benchmark evaluates the performance of all of the processor's CPU cores. Virtual thread improvements such as AMD SMT or Intel's Hyper-Threading have a positive impact on the benchmark result.
Intel Core i5-12400F Intel Core i5-12400F
6C 12T @ 4.00 GHz
8668 (93%)
AMD Ryzen 5 5600X AMD Ryzen 5 5600X
6C 12T @ 4.30 GHz
9279 (100%)

Cinebench R20 (Single-Core)

Cinebench R20 is the successor of Cinebench R15 and is also based on the Cinema 4 Suite. Cinema 4 is a worldwide used software to create 3D forms. The single-core test only uses one CPU core, the amount of cores or hyperthreading ability doesn't count.
Intel Core i5-12400F Intel Core i5-12400F
6C 12T @ 4.40 GHz
664 (100%)
AMD Ryzen 5 5600X AMD Ryzen 5 5600X
6C 12T @ 4.60 GHz
604 (91%)

Cinebench R20 (Multi-Core)

Cinebench R20 is the successor of Cinebench R15 and is also based on the Cinema 4 Suite. Cinema 4 is a worldwide used software to create 3D forms. The multi-core test involves all CPU cores and taks a big advantage of hyperthreading.
Intel Core i5-12400F Intel Core i5-12400F
6C 12T @ 4.00 GHz
4784 (100%)
AMD Ryzen 5 5600X AMD Ryzen 5 5600X
6C 12T @ 4.30 GHz
4562 (95%)

Blender 3.1 Benchmark

In the Blender Benchmark 3.1, the scenes "monster", "junkshop" and "classroom" are rendered and the time required by the system is measured. In our benchmark we test the CPU and not the graphics card. Blender 3.1 was presented as a standalone version in March 2022.
Intel Core i5-12400F Intel Core i5-12400F
6C 12T @ 4.00 GHz
170 (100%)
AMD Ryzen 5 5600X AMD Ryzen 5 5600X
6C 12T @ 4.30 GHz
157 (92%)

Estimated results for PassMark CPU Mark

Some of the CPUs listed below have been benchmarked by CPU-monkey. However the majority of CPUs have not been tested and the results have been estimated by a CPU-monkey’s secret proprietary formula. As such they do not accurately reflect the actual Passmark CPU mark values and are not endorsed by PassMark Software Pty Ltd.
Intel Core i5-12400F Intel Core i5-12400F
6C 12T @ 4.00 GHz
19559 (89%)
AMD Ryzen 5 5600X AMD Ryzen 5 5600X
6C 12T @ 4.30 GHz
21955 (100%)

CPU-Z Benchmark 17 (Multi-Core)

The CPU-Z benchmark measures a processor's performance by measuring the time it takes the system to complete all benchmark calculations. The faster the benchmark is completed, the higher the score.
Intel Core i5-12400F Intel Core i5-12400F
6C 12T @ 2.50 GHz
4772 (100%)
AMD Ryzen 5 5600X AMD Ryzen 5 5600X
6C 12T @ 3.70 GHz
4784 (100%)

CPU performance per watt (efficiency)

Efficiency of the processor under full load in the Cinebench R23 (multi-core) benchmark. The benchmark result is divided by the average energy required (CPU package power in watts). The higher the value, the more efficient the CPU is under full load.
Intel Core i5-12400F Intel Core i5-12400F
12,454 CB R23 MC @ 82 W
152 (100%)
AMD Ryzen 5 5600X AMD Ryzen 5 5600X
10,988 CB R23 MC @ 76 W
145 (95%)

CPU-Z Benchmark 17 (Single-Core)

The CPU-Z benchmark measures a processor's performance by measuring the time it takes the system to complete all benchmark calculations. The faster the benchmark is completed, the higher the score.
Intel Core i5-12400F Intel Core i5-12400F
6C 12T @ 4.40 GHz
0 (0%)
AMD Ryzen 5 5600X AMD Ryzen 5 5600X
6C 12T @ 4.60 GHz
624 (100%)

Cinebench R15 (Single-Core)

Cinebench R15 is the successor of Cinebench 11.5 and is also based on the Cinema 4 Suite. Cinema 4 is a worldwide used software to create 3D forms. The single-core test only uses one CPU core, the amount of cores or hyperthreading ability doesn't count.
Intel Core i5-12400F Intel Core i5-12400F
6C 12T @ 4.40 GHz
0 (0%)
AMD Ryzen 5 5600X AMD Ryzen 5 5600X
6C 12T @ 4.60 GHz
258 (100%)

Cinebench R15 (Multi-Core)

Cinebench R15 is the successor of Cinebench 11.5 and is also based on the Cinema 4 Suite. Cinema 4 is a worldwide used software to create 3D forms. The multi-core test involves all CPU cores and taks a big advantage of hyperthreading.
Intel Core i5-12400F Intel Core i5-12400F
6C 12T @ 4.00 GHz
0 (0%)
AMD Ryzen 5 5600X AMD Ryzen 5 5600X
6C 12T @ 4.30 GHz
1970 (100%)

Devices using this processor

Intel Core i5-12400F AMD Ryzen 5 5600X
Unknown Unknown

News and articles for the Intel Core i5-12400F and the AMD Ryzen 5 5600X

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Why the new AMD Ryzen 7000 processors for the AM5 socket are currently not a good deal
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Officially, DDR5-5200 is the maximum, but with AMDs EXPO Technology which is similar to Intel's XMP 3.0, AMD now also has a solution for easy overclocking of the main memory. AMD itself names DDR5-6000 as the sweet spot for the new AMD Ryzen 7000 processors.
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The evolution of AMD Ryzen processors
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The AMD Ryzen processors were first introduced by AMD in Q1 2017. They are the successor to the not particularly successful AMD Bulldozer processors. The latter were manufactured using an outdated manufacturing process and could not keep up with the competing products from Intel. AMD lost a large portion of its desktop processor market share during this period.
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AMD Ryzen 5 5500 - The CPU with the best price-performance ratio
Posted by Stefan on 2022-07-18
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But why is the AMD Ryzen 5 5500 so cheap and what disadvantages does the buyer have to accept? We clarify that in this article. But first we have to dive a little into the technology of the current Zen 3 processors in order to understand what kind of exotic cpu AMD has actually created with the AMD Ryzen 5 5500.
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AMD Ryzen 5 7600X and AMD Ryzen 7 7800X are coming in September
Posted by Stefan on 2022-06-20
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He predicts the first four models of the new Zen 4 desktop generation, which AMD would like to present at the end of 2022. There is also an alleged release date of September 15, 2022.

Comparison of the two processors

In this comparison we look at differences and parallels between the AMD Ryzen 5 5600X and the Intel Core i5-12400F. The AMD Ryzen 5 5600X is part of the fourth generation of AMD's Ryzen 7 family and was released in the fourth quarter of 2020. It is manufactured with a structure width of 7 nanometers and is based on the Vermeer (Zen 3) architecture. It comes from AMD's desktop segment and was designed for the AM4 socket.

The Intel Core i5-12400F is already part of the twelfth generation of the Core i5 family and was released in the first quarter of 2022. The processor is produced using the 10 nanometer process and is based on Intel's Alder Lake S architecture. It also comes from the manufacturer's desktop segment and is designed for the LGA 1700 socket.

Both processors are equipped with 6 processor cores each and support hyperthreading, which means they have up to 12 computing threads available if required. The base clock of the AMD Ryzen 5 5600X is 3.70 gigahertz and in turbo mode it can even reach up to 4.60 gigahertz. The base clock of the Intel Core i5-12400F is significantly lower at 2.50 gigahertz, but the maximum turbo clock is almost the same at 4.40 gigahertz. In this case, our benchmarks do not provide any precise information about which CPU is better. Depending on the benchmark, sometimes the AMD Ryzen 5 5600X is a little faster and sometimes the Intel Core i5-12400F.

An internal graphics unit is not integrated into either processor. For the use of a dedicated graphics card, the AMD Ryzen 5 5600X is equipped with 20 PCIe lines in version 4.0 and the Intel Core i5-12400F also has 20 PCIe lines, but in the newer version 5.0.

Both processors are equipped with 2 memory channels and can be operated with up to 128 gigabytes of RAM. Both support RAM type DDR4-3200 and the Intel Core i5-12400F also supports DDR5-4800.

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