AMD Ryzen 5 5600X vs Intel Core i5-12600K

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CPU comparison with benchmarks


AMD Ryzen 5 5600X CPU1 vs CPU2 Intel Core i5-12600K
AMD Ryzen 5 5600X Intel Core i5-12600K

CPU comparison

AMD Ryzen 5 5600X or Intel Core i5-12600K - which processor is faster? In this comparison we look at the differences and analyze which of these two CPUs is better. We compare the technical data and benchmark results.

The AMD Ryzen 5 5600X has 6 cores with 12 threads and clocks with a maximum frequency of 4.60 GHz. Up to 128 GB of memory is supported in 2 memory channels. The AMD Ryzen 5 5600X was released in Q4/2020.

The Intel Core i5-12600K has 10 cores with 16 threads and clocks with a maximum frequency of 4.90 GHz. The CPU supports up to 128 GB of memory in 2 memory channels. The Intel Core i5-12600K was released in Q4/2021.
AMD Ryzen 5 (86) Family Intel Core i5 (331)
AMD Ryzen 5000 (14) CPU group Intel Core i 12000 (34)
4 Generation 12
Vermeer (Zen 3) Architecture Alder Lake S
Desktop / Server Segment Desktop / Server
AMD Ryzen 5 3600X Predecessor Intel Core i5-11600K
AMD Ryzen 5 7600X Successor Intel Core i5-13600K

CPU Cores and Base Frequency

The AMD Ryzen 5 5600X has 6 CPU cores and can calculate 12 threads in parallel. The clock frequency of the AMD Ryzen 5 5600X is 3.70 GHz (4.60 GHz) while the Intel Core i5-12600K has 10 CPU cores and 16 threads can calculate simultaneously. The clock frequency of the Intel Core i5-12600K is at 3.70 GHz (4.90 GHz).

AMD Ryzen 5 5600X Characteristic Intel Core i5-12600K
6 Cores 10
12 Threads 16
normal Core architecture hybrid (big.LITTLE)
Yes Hyperthreading Yes
Yes Overclocking ? Yes
3.70 GHz (4.60 GHz) A-Core 3.70 GHz (4.90 GHz)
6x Golden Cove
-- B-Core 2.80 GHz (3.60 GHz)
4x Gracemont

NPU AI performance

The performance values of the processor's AI unit. The isolated NPU performance is specified here, the total AI performance (NPU+CPU+iGPU) can be higher. Processors with support for artificial intelligence (AI) and machine learning (ML) can process many calculations, especially audio, image and video processing, much faster than classic processors.

AMD Ryzen 5 5600X Characteristic Intel Core i5-12600K
-- AI hardware --
-- AI specifications --
-- NPU + CPU + iGPU --

Integrated graphics (iGPU)

The AMD Ryzen 5 5600X or Intel Core i5-12600K has integrated graphics, called iGPU for short. The iGPU uses the system's main memory as graphics memory and sits on the processor's die.

no iGPU GPU Intel UHD Graphics 770
GPU frequency 0.30 GHz
-- GPU (Turbo) 1.45 GHz
-- GPU Generation 11
Technology 10 nm
Max. displays 3
-- Compute units 32
-- Shader 256
No Hardware Raytracing No
No Frame Generation No
-- Max. GPU Memory 64 GB
-- DirectX Version 12

Hardware codec support

A photo or video codec that is accelerated in hardware can greatly accelerate the working speed of a processor and extend the battery life of notebooks or smartphones when playing videos.

no iGPU GPU Intel UHD Graphics 770
No Codec h265 / HEVC (8 bit) Decode / Encode
No Codec h265 / HEVC (10 bit) Decode / Encode
No Codec h264 Decode / Encode
No Codec VP9 Decode / Encode
No Codec VP8 Decode / Encode
No Codec AV1 Decode
No Codec AVC Decode / Encode
No Codec VC-1 Decode
No Codec JPEG Decode / Encode

Memory & PCIe

The AMD Ryzen 5 5600X can use up to 128 GB of memory in 2 memory channels. The maximum memory bandwidth is 51.2 GB/s. The Intel Core i5-12600K supports up to 128 GB of memory in 2 memory channels and achieves a memory bandwidth of up to 76.8 GB/s.

AMD Ryzen 5 5600X Characteristic Intel Core i5-12600K
DDR4-3200 Memory DDR5-4800, DDR4-3200
128 GB Max. Memory 128 GB
2 (Dual Channel) Memory channels 2 (Dual Channel)
51.2 GB/s Max. Bandwidth 76.8 GB/s
Yes ECC Yes
3.00 MB L2 Cache 9.50 MB
32.00 MB L3 Cache 20.00 MB
4.0 PCIe version 5.0
20 PCIe lanes 20
39.4 GB/s PCIe Bandwidth 78.8 GB/s

Thermal Management

The thermal design power (TDP for short) of the AMD Ryzen 5 5600X is 65 W, while the Intel Core i5-12600K has a TDP of 125 W. The TDP specifies the necessary cooling solution that is required to cool the processor sufficiently.

AMD Ryzen 5 5600X Characteristic Intel Core i5-12600K
65 W TDP (PL1 / PBP) 125 W
-- TDP (PL2) 150 W
-- TDP up --
-- TDP down --
90 °C Tjunction max. 100 °C

Technical details

The AMD Ryzen 5 5600X is manufactured in 7 nm and has 35.00 MB cache. The Intel Core i5-12600K is manufactured in 10 nm and has a 29.50 MB cache.

AMD Ryzen 5 5600X Characteristic Intel Core i5-12600K
7 nm Technology 10 nm
Chiplet Chip design Monolithic
x86-64 (64 bit) Instruction set (ISA) x86-64 (64 bit)
SSE4a, SSE4.1, SSE4.2, AVX2, FMA3 ISA extensions SSE4.1, SSE4.2, AVX2, AVX2+
AM4 (PGA 1331) Socket LGA 1700
AMD-V, SVM Virtualization VT-x, VT-x EPT, VT-d
Yes AES-NI Yes
Windows 10, Windows 11, Linux Operating systems Windows 10, Windows 11, Linux
Q4/2020 Release date Q4/2021
299 $ Release price 289 $
show more data show more data


Rate these processors

Here you can rate the AMD Ryzen 5 5600X to help other visitors make their purchasing decisions. The average rating is 4.7 stars (52 ratings). Rate now:
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Average performance in benchmarks

⌀ Single core performance in 7 CPU benchmarks
AMD Ryzen 5 5600X (86%)
Intel Core i5-12600K (100%)
⌀ Multi core performance in 9 CPU benchmarks
AMD Ryzen 5 5600X (72%)
Intel Core i5-12600K (100%)

Cinebench 2024 (Single-Core)

The Cinebench 2024 benchmark is based on the Redshift rendering engine, which is also used in Maxon's 3D program Cinema 4D. The benchmark runs are each 10 minutes long to test whether the processor is limited by its heat generation.
AMD Ryzen 5 5600X AMD Ryzen 5 5600X
6C 12T @ 4.60 GHz
94 (90%)
Intel Core i5-12600K Intel Core i5-12600K
10C 16T @ 4.90 GHz
105 (100%)

Cinebench 2024 (Multi-Core)

The Multi-Core test of the Cinebench 2024 benchmark uses all cpu cores to render using the Redshift rendering engine, which is also used in Maxons Cinema 4D. The benchmark run is 10 minutes long to test whether the processor is limited by its heat generation.
AMD Ryzen 5 5600X AMD Ryzen 5 5600X
6C 12T @ 4.60 GHz
639 (70%)
Intel Core i5-12600K Intel Core i5-12600K
10C 16T @ 4.90 GHz
909 (100%)

Cinebench R23 (Single-Core)

Cinebench R23 is the successor of Cinebench R20 and is also based on the Cinema 4 Suite. Cinema 4 is a worldwide used software to create 3D forms. The single-core test only uses one CPU core, the amount of cores or hyperthreading ability doesn't count.
AMD Ryzen 5 5600X AMD Ryzen 5 5600X
6C 12T @ 4.60 GHz
1593 (83%)
Intel Core i5-12600K Intel Core i5-12600K
10C 16T @ 4.90 GHz
1918 (100%)

Cinebench R23 (Multi-Core)

Cinebench R23 is the successor of Cinebench R20 and is also based on the Cinema 4 Suite. Cinema 4 is a worldwide used software to create 3D forms. The multi-core test involves all CPU cores and taks a big advantage of hyperthreading.
AMD Ryzen 5 5600X AMD Ryzen 5 5600X
6C 12T @ 4.30 GHz
10988 (62%)
Intel Core i5-12600K Intel Core i5-12600K
10C 16T @ 4.50 GHz
17660 (100%)

Geekbench 5, 64bit (Single-Core)

Geekbench 5 is a cross plattform benchmark that heavily uses the systems memory. A fast memory will push the result a lot. The single-core test only uses one CPU core, the amount of cores or hyperthreading ability doesn't count.
AMD Ryzen 5 5600X AMD Ryzen 5 5600X
6C 12T @ 4.60 GHz
1572 (85%)
Intel Core i5-12600K Intel Core i5-12600K
10C 16T @ 4.90 GHz
1854 (100%)

Geekbench 5, 64bit (Multi-Core)

Geekbench 5 is a cross plattform benchmark that heavily uses the systems memory. A fast memory will push the result a lot. The multi-core test involves all CPU cores and taks a big advantage of hyperthreading.
AMD Ryzen 5 5600X AMD Ryzen 5 5600X
6C 12T @ 4.30 GHz
8420 (71%)
Intel Core i5-12600K Intel Core i5-12600K
10C 16T @ 4.50 GHz
11912 (100%)

Geekbench 6 (Single-Core)

Geekbench 6 is a benchmark for modern computers, notebooks and smartphones. What is new is an optimized utilization of newer CPU architectures, e.g. based on the big.LITTLE concept and combining CPU cores of different sizes. The single-core benchmark only evaluates the performance of the fastest CPU core, the number of CPU cores in a processor is irrelevant here.
AMD Ryzen 5 5600X AMD Ryzen 5 5600X
6C 12T @ 4.60 GHz
2113 (85%)
Intel Core i5-12600K Intel Core i5-12600K
10C 16T @ 4.90 GHz
2472 (100%)

Geekbench 6 (Multi-Core)

Geekbench 6 is a benchmark for modern computers, notebooks and smartphones. What is new is an optimized utilization of newer CPU architectures, e.g. based on the big.LITTLE concept and combining CPU cores of different sizes. The multi-core benchmark evaluates the performance of all of the processor's CPU cores. Virtual thread improvements such as AMD SMT or Intel's Hyper-Threading have a positive impact on the benchmark result.
AMD Ryzen 5 5600X AMD Ryzen 5 5600X
6C 12T @ 4.30 GHz
9279 (77%)
Intel Core i5-12600K Intel Core i5-12600K
10C 16T @ 4.50 GHz
11991 (100%)

Cinebench R20 (Single-Core)

Cinebench R20 is the successor of Cinebench R15 and is also based on the Cinema 4 Suite. Cinema 4 is a worldwide used software to create 3D forms. The single-core test only uses one CPU core, the amount of cores or hyperthreading ability doesn't count.
AMD Ryzen 5 5600X AMD Ryzen 5 5600X
6C 12T @ 4.60 GHz
604 (82%)
Intel Core i5-12600K Intel Core i5-12600K
10C 16T @ 4.90 GHz
741 (100%)

Cinebench R20 (Multi-Core)

Cinebench R20 is the successor of Cinebench R15 and is also based on the Cinema 4 Suite. Cinema 4 is a worldwide used software to create 3D forms. The multi-core test involves all CPU cores and taks a big advantage of hyperthreading.
AMD Ryzen 5 5600X AMD Ryzen 5 5600X
6C 12T @ 4.30 GHz
4562 (68%)
Intel Core i5-12600K Intel Core i5-12600K
10C 16T @ 4.50 GHz
6702 (100%)

Blender 3.1 Benchmark

In the Blender Benchmark 3.1, the scenes "monster", "junkshop" and "classroom" are rendered and the time required by the system is measured. In our benchmark we test the CPU and not the graphics card. Blender 3.1 was presented as a standalone version in March 2022.
AMD Ryzen 5 5600X AMD Ryzen 5 5600X
6C 12T @ 4.30 GHz
157 (63%)
Intel Core i5-12600K Intel Core i5-12600K
10C 16T @ 4.50 GHz
249 (100%)

Estimated results for PassMark CPU Mark

Some of the CPUs listed below have been benchmarked by CPU-monkey. However the majority of CPUs have not been tested and the results have been estimated by a CPU-monkey’s secret proprietary formula. As such they do not accurately reflect the actual Passmark CPU mark values and are not endorsed by PassMark Software Pty Ltd.
AMD Ryzen 5 5600X AMD Ryzen 5 5600X
6C 12T @ 4.30 GHz
21955 (79%)
Intel Core i5-12600K Intel Core i5-12600K
10C 16T @ 4.50 GHz
27830 (100%)

CPU-Z Benchmark 17 (Single-Core)

The CPU-Z benchmark measures a processor's performance by measuring the time it takes the system to complete all benchmark calculations. The faster the benchmark is completed, the higher the score.
AMD Ryzen 5 5600X AMD Ryzen 5 5600X
6C 12T @ 4.60 GHz
624 (81%)
Intel Core i5-12600K Intel Core i5-12600K
10C 16T @ 4.90 GHz
766 (100%)

CPU-Z Benchmark 17 (Multi-Core)

The CPU-Z benchmark measures a processor's performance by measuring the time it takes the system to complete all benchmark calculations. The faster the benchmark is completed, the higher the score.
AMD Ryzen 5 5600X AMD Ryzen 5 5600X
6C 12T @ 3.70 GHz
4784 (86%)
Intel Core i5-12600K Intel Core i5-12600K
10C 16T @ 3.70 GHz
5540 (100%)

Cinebench R15 (Single-Core)

Cinebench R15 is the successor of Cinebench 11.5 and is also based on the Cinema 4 Suite. Cinema 4 is a worldwide used software to create 3D forms. The single-core test only uses one CPU core, the amount of cores or hyperthreading ability doesn't count.
AMD Ryzen 5 5600X AMD Ryzen 5 5600X
6C 12T @ 4.60 GHz
258 (94%)
Intel Core i5-12600K Intel Core i5-12600K
10C 16T @ 4.90 GHz
274 (100%)

Cinebench R15 (Multi-Core)

Cinebench R15 is the successor of Cinebench 11.5 and is also based on the Cinema 4 Suite. Cinema 4 is a worldwide used software to create 3D forms. The multi-core test involves all CPU cores and taks a big advantage of hyperthreading.
AMD Ryzen 5 5600X AMD Ryzen 5 5600X
6C 12T @ 4.30 GHz
1970 (76%)
Intel Core i5-12600K Intel Core i5-12600K
10C 16T @ 4.50 GHz
2596 (100%)

CPU performance per watt (efficiency)

Efficiency of the processor under full load in the Cinebench R23 (multi-core) benchmark. The benchmark result is divided by the average energy required (CPU package power in watts). The higher the value, the more efficient the CPU is under full load.
AMD Ryzen 5 5600X AMD Ryzen 5 5600X
10,988 CB R23 MC @ 76 W
145 (94%)
Intel Core i5-12600K Intel Core i5-12600K
17,660 CB R23 MC @ 115 W
154 (100%)

iGPU - FP32 Performance (Single-precision GFLOPS)

The theoretical computing performance of the internal graphics unit of the processor with simple accuracy (32 bit) in GFLOPS. GFLOPS indicates how many billion floating point operations the iGPU can perform per second.
AMD Ryzen 5 5600X AMD Ryzen 5 5600X
@ 0.00 GHz
0 (0%)
Intel Core i5-12600K Intel Core i5-12600K
Intel UHD Graphics 770 @ 1.45 GHz
742 (100%)

Devices using this processor

AMD Ryzen 5 5600X Intel Core i5-12600K
Unknown Unknown

News and articles for the AMD Ryzen 5 5600X and the Intel Core i5-12600K

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Officially, DDR5-5200 is the maximum, but with AMDs EXPO Technology which is similar to Intel's XMP 3.0, AMD now also has a solution for easy overclocking of the main memory. AMD itself names DDR5-6000 as the sweet spot for the new AMD Ryzen 7000 processors.
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Comparison of the two processors

When comparing the AMD Ryzen 5 5600X and the Intel Core i5-12600K, the first thing to notice is that the AMD Ryzen 5 5600X was launched in the fourth quarter of 2020 and is already being manufactured using the 7-nanometer process. The Intel Core i5-12600K was only launched in the fourth quarter of 2021, so it is a year newer, but is still manufactured in the larger 10-nanometer process.

As far as the performance of the two models is concerned, this is of course not very meaningful, so let's start with the core architecture of the two processors. The AMD Ryzen 5 5600X relies on a standard architecture with 6 equally powerful cores. Thanks to the available hyperthreading technology, the AMD processor has 12 threads available for its computing operations. The Intel Core i5-12600K, on ​​the other hand, relies on a big-LITTLE architecture, whereby in this case 6 high-performance cores with hyperthreading and 4 efficient cores without hyperthreading are available. The processor, which clocks at up to 4.90 gigahertz, has 16 threads available.

The AMD Ryzen 5 5600X does not have an internal graphics unit and must therefore be operated with a dedicated graphics solution. The Intel UHD Graphics 770 is used in the Intel Core i5-12600K. Like the processor, this iGPU is manufactured using the 10-nanometer process and has 32 execution units with 256 shaders. With its maximum clock frequency of 1.45 Gigahertz, the graphics unit achieves an FP32 computing power of 742 GigaFLOPS.

Both processors support operation with DDR-3200 RAM, the Intel Core i5-12600K can also be operated with DDR5-4800 RAM.

The performance comparison of our benchmarks shows that the Intel Core i5-12600K is significantly faster than the AMD Ryzen 5 5600X. This applies to both single-core loads, but becomes even more evident in the multi-core benchmarks.

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