AMD Ryzen 5 5600 vs Intel Core i5-12400F

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CPU comparison with benchmarks


AMD Ryzen 5 5600 CPU1 vs CPU2 Intel Core i5-12400F
AMD Ryzen 5 5600 Intel Core i5-12400F

CPU comparison

AMD Ryzen 5 5600 or Intel Core i5-12400F - which processor is faster? In this comparison we look at the differences and analyze which of these two CPUs is better. We compare the technical data and benchmark results.

The AMD Ryzen 5 5600 has 6 cores with 12 threads and clocks with a maximum frequency of 4.40 GHz. Up to 64 GB of memory is supported in 2 memory channels. The AMD Ryzen 5 5600 was released in Q2/2022.

The Intel Core i5-12400F has 6 cores with 12 threads and clocks with a maximum frequency of 4.40 GHz. The CPU supports up to 128 GB of memory in 2 memory channels. The Intel Core i5-12400F was released in Q1/2022.
AMD Ryzen 5 (86) Family Intel Core i5 (331)
AMD Ryzen 5000 (14) CPU group Intel Core i 12000 (34)
4 Generation 12
Vermeer (Zen 3) Architecture Alder Lake S
Desktop / Server Segment Desktop / Server
AMD Ryzen 5 4600H Predecessor Intel Core i5-11400F
AMD Ryzen 5 7600 Successor Intel Core i5-13400F

CPU Cores and Base Frequency

The AMD Ryzen 5 5600 has 6 CPU cores and can calculate 12 threads in parallel. The clock frequency of the AMD Ryzen 5 5600 is 3.50 GHz (4.40 GHz) while the Intel Core i5-12400F has 6 CPU cores and 12 threads can calculate simultaneously. The clock frequency of the Intel Core i5-12400F is at 2.50 GHz (4.40 GHz).

AMD Ryzen 5 5600 Characteristic Intel Core i5-12400F
6 Cores 6
12 Threads 12
normal Core architecture normal
Yes Hyperthreading Yes
Yes Overclocking ? No
3.50 GHz Frequency 2.50 GHz
4.40 GHz Turbo Frequency (1 Core) 4.40 GHz
4.20 GHz Turbo Frequency (All Cores) 4.00 GHz

NPU AI performance

The performance values of the processor's AI unit. The isolated NPU performance is specified here, the total AI performance (NPU+CPU+iGPU) can be higher. Processors with support for artificial intelligence (AI) and machine learning (ML) can process many calculations, especially audio, image and video processing, much faster than classic processors.

AMD Ryzen 5 5600 Characteristic Intel Core i5-12400F
-- AI hardware --
-- AI specifications --
-- NPU + CPU + iGPU --

Integrated graphics (iGPU)

The AMD Ryzen 5 5600 or Intel Core i5-12400F has integrated graphics, called iGPU for short. The iGPU uses the system's main memory as graphics memory and sits on the processor's die.

no iGPU GPU no iGPU
GPU frequency --
-- GPU (Turbo) --
-- GPU Generation --
Technology
Max. displays
-- Compute units --
-- Shader --
No Hardware Raytracing No
No Frame Generation No
-- Max. GPU Memory --
-- DirectX Version --

Hardware codec support

A photo or video codec that is accelerated in hardware can greatly accelerate the working speed of a processor and extend the battery life of notebooks or smartphones when playing videos.

no iGPU GPU no iGPU
No Codec h265 / HEVC (8 bit) No
No Codec h265 / HEVC (10 bit) No
No Codec h264 No
No Codec VP9 No
No Codec VP8 No
No Codec AV1 No
No Codec AVC No
No Codec VC-1 No
No Codec JPEG No

Memory & PCIe

The AMD Ryzen 5 5600 can use up to 64 GB of memory in 2 memory channels. The maximum memory bandwidth is 51.2 GB/s. The Intel Core i5-12400F supports up to 128 GB of memory in 2 memory channels and achieves a memory bandwidth of up to 76.8 GB/s.

AMD Ryzen 5 5600 Characteristic Intel Core i5-12400F
DDR4-3200 Memory DDR5-4800, DDR4-3200
64 GB Max. Memory 128 GB
2 (Dual Channel) Memory channels 2 (Dual Channel)
51.2 GB/s Max. Bandwidth 76.8 GB/s
No ECC No
3.00 MB L2 Cache 7.50 MB
32.00 MB L3 Cache 18.00 MB
4.0 PCIe version 5.0
20 PCIe lanes 20
39.4 GB/s PCIe Bandwidth 78.8 GB/s

Thermal Management

The thermal design power (TDP for short) of the AMD Ryzen 5 5600 is 65 W, while the Intel Core i5-12400F has a TDP of 65 W. The TDP specifies the necessary cooling solution that is required to cool the processor sufficiently.

AMD Ryzen 5 5600 Characteristic Intel Core i5-12400F
65 W TDP (PL1 / PBP) 65 W
-- TDP (PL2) 117 W
-- TDP up --
45 W TDP down --
95 °C Tjunction max. 100 °C

Technical details

The AMD Ryzen 5 5600 is manufactured in 7 nm and has 35.00 MB cache. The Intel Core i5-12400F is manufactured in 10 nm and has a 25.50 MB cache.

AMD Ryzen 5 5600 Characteristic Intel Core i5-12400F
7 nm Technology 10 nm
Chiplet Chip design Monolithic
x86-64 (64 bit) Instruction set (ISA) x86-64 (64 bit)
SSE4a, SSE4.1, SSE4.2, AVX2, FMA3 ISA extensions SSE4.1, SSE4.2, AVX2, AVX2+
AM4 (PGA 1331) Socket LGA 1700
AMD-V, SVM Virtualization VT-x, VT-x EPT, VT-d
Yes AES-NI Yes
Windows 10, Windows 11, Linux Operating systems Windows 10, Windows 11, Linux
Q2/2022 Release date Q1/2022
199 $ Release price 167 $
show more data show more data


Rate these processors

Here you can rate the AMD Ryzen 5 5600 to help other visitors make their purchasing decisions. The average rating is 4.7 stars (86 ratings). Rate now:
Here you can rate the Intel Core i5-12400F to help other visitors make their purchasing decisions. The average rating is 4.2 stars (65 ratings). Rate now:


Average performance in benchmarks

⌀ Single core performance in 5 CPU benchmarks
AMD Ryzen 5 5600 (90%)
Intel Core i5-12400F (100%)
⌀ Multi core performance in 6 CPU benchmarks
AMD Ryzen 5 5600 (94%)
Intel Core i5-12400F (98%)

Cinebench 2024 (Single-Core)

The Cinebench 2024 benchmark is based on the Redshift rendering engine, which is also used in Maxon's 3D program Cinema 4D. The benchmark runs are each 10 minutes long to test whether the processor is limited by its heat generation.
AMD Ryzen 5 5600 AMD Ryzen 5 5600
6C 12T @ 4.40 GHz
85 (83%)
Intel Core i5-12400F Intel Core i5-12400F
6C 12T @ 4.40 GHz
102 (100%)

Cinebench 2024 (Multi-Core)

The Multi-Core test of the Cinebench 2024 benchmark uses all cpu cores to render using the Redshift rendering engine, which is also used in Maxons Cinema 4D. The benchmark run is 10 minutes long to test whether the processor is limited by its heat generation.
AMD Ryzen 5 5600 AMD Ryzen 5 5600
6C 12T @ 4.40 GHz
657 (94%)
Intel Core i5-12400F Intel Core i5-12400F
6C 12T @ 4.40 GHz
701 (100%)

Cinebench R23 (Single-Core)

Cinebench R23 is the successor of Cinebench R20 and is also based on the Cinema 4 Suite. Cinema 4 is a worldwide used software to create 3D forms. The single-core test only uses one CPU core, the amount of cores or hyperthreading ability doesn't count.
AMD Ryzen 5 5600 AMD Ryzen 5 5600
6C 12T @ 4.40 GHz
1504 (93%)
Intel Core i5-12400F Intel Core i5-12400F
6C 12T @ 4.40 GHz
1623 (100%)

Cinebench R23 (Multi-Core)

Cinebench R23 is the successor of Cinebench R20 and is also based on the Cinema 4 Suite. Cinema 4 is a worldwide used software to create 3D forms. The multi-core test involves all CPU cores and taks a big advantage of hyperthreading.
AMD Ryzen 5 5600 AMD Ryzen 5 5600
6C 12T @ 4.20 GHz
11077 (89%)
Intel Core i5-12400F Intel Core i5-12400F
6C 12T @ 4.00 GHz
12454 (100%)

Geekbench 5, 64bit (Single-Core)

Geekbench 5 is a cross plattform benchmark that heavily uses the systems memory. A fast memory will push the result a lot. The single-core test only uses one CPU core, the amount of cores or hyperthreading ability doesn't count.
AMD Ryzen 5 5600 AMD Ryzen 5 5600
6C 12T @ 4.40 GHz
1538 (93%)
Intel Core i5-12400F Intel Core i5-12400F
6C 12T @ 4.40 GHz
1647 (100%)

Geekbench 5, 64bit (Multi-Core)

Geekbench 5 is a cross plattform benchmark that heavily uses the systems memory. A fast memory will push the result a lot. The multi-core test involves all CPU cores and taks a big advantage of hyperthreading.
AMD Ryzen 5 5600 AMD Ryzen 5 5600
6C 12T @ 4.20 GHz
8009 (85%)
Intel Core i5-12400F Intel Core i5-12400F
6C 12T @ 4.00 GHz
9451 (100%)

Geekbench 6 (Single-Core)

Geekbench 6 is a benchmark for modern computers, notebooks and smartphones. What is new is an optimized utilization of newer CPU architectures, e.g. based on the big.LITTLE concept and combining CPU cores of different sizes. The single-core benchmark only evaluates the performance of the fastest CPU core, the number of CPU cores in a processor is irrelevant here.
AMD Ryzen 5 5600 AMD Ryzen 5 5600
6C 12T @ 4.40 GHz
2087 (95%)
Intel Core i5-12400F Intel Core i5-12400F
6C 12T @ 4.40 GHz
2197 (100%)

Geekbench 6 (Multi-Core)

Geekbench 6 is a benchmark for modern computers, notebooks and smartphones. What is new is an optimized utilization of newer CPU architectures, e.g. based on the big.LITTLE concept and combining CPU cores of different sizes. The multi-core benchmark evaluates the performance of all of the processor's CPU cores. Virtual thread improvements such as AMD SMT or Intel's Hyper-Threading have a positive impact on the benchmark result.
AMD Ryzen 5 5600 AMD Ryzen 5 5600
6C 12T @ 4.20 GHz
8816 (100%)
Intel Core i5-12400F Intel Core i5-12400F
6C 12T @ 4.00 GHz
8668 (98%)

Cinebench R20 (Single-Core)

Cinebench R20 is the successor of Cinebench R15 and is also based on the Cinema 4 Suite. Cinema 4 is a worldwide used software to create 3D forms. The single-core test only uses one CPU core, the amount of cores or hyperthreading ability doesn't count.
AMD Ryzen 5 5600 AMD Ryzen 5 5600
6C 12T @ 4.40 GHz
574 (86%)
Intel Core i5-12400F Intel Core i5-12400F
6C 12T @ 4.40 GHz
664 (100%)

Cinebench R20 (Multi-Core)

Cinebench R20 is the successor of Cinebench R15 and is also based on the Cinema 4 Suite. Cinema 4 is a worldwide used software to create 3D forms. The multi-core test involves all CPU cores and taks a big advantage of hyperthreading.
AMD Ryzen 5 5600 AMD Ryzen 5 5600
6C 12T @ 4.20 GHz
4479 (94%)
Intel Core i5-12400F Intel Core i5-12400F
6C 12T @ 4.00 GHz
4784 (100%)

Estimated results for PassMark CPU Mark

Some of the CPUs listed below have been benchmarked by CPU-monkey. However the majority of CPUs have not been tested and the results have been estimated by a CPU-monkey’s secret proprietary formula. As such they do not accurately reflect the actual Passmark CPU mark values and are not endorsed by PassMark Software Pty Ltd.
AMD Ryzen 5 5600 AMD Ryzen 5 5600
6C 12T @ 4.20 GHz
21620 (100%)
Intel Core i5-12400F Intel Core i5-12400F
6C 12T @ 4.00 GHz
19559 (90%)

Blender 3.1 Benchmark

In the Blender Benchmark 3.1, the scenes "monster", "junkshop" and "classroom" are rendered and the time required by the system is measured. In our benchmark we test the CPU and not the graphics card. Blender 3.1 was presented as a standalone version in March 2022.
AMD Ryzen 5 5600 AMD Ryzen 5 5600
6C 12T @ 4.20 GHz
0 (0%)
Intel Core i5-12400F Intel Core i5-12400F
6C 12T @ 4.00 GHz
170 (100%)

CPU-Z Benchmark 17 (Multi-Core)

The CPU-Z benchmark measures a processor's performance by measuring the time it takes the system to complete all benchmark calculations. The faster the benchmark is completed, the higher the score.
AMD Ryzen 5 5600 AMD Ryzen 5 5600
6C 12T @ 3.50 GHz
0 (0%)
Intel Core i5-12400F Intel Core i5-12400F
6C 12T @ 2.50 GHz
4772 (100%)

CPU performance per watt (efficiency)

Efficiency of the processor under full load in the Cinebench R23 (multi-core) benchmark. The benchmark result is divided by the average energy required (CPU package power in watts). The higher the value, the more efficient the CPU is under full load.
AMD Ryzen 5 5600 AMD Ryzen 5 5600
3.50 GHz
0 (0%)
Intel Core i5-12400F Intel Core i5-12400F
12,454 CB R23 MC @ 82 W
152 (100%)

Devices using this processor

AMD Ryzen 5 5600 Intel Core i5-12400F
Unknown Unknown

News and articles for the AMD Ryzen 5 5600 and the Intel Core i5-12400F


Comparison of the two processors

This comparison is about deciding whether the Intel Core i5-12400F or the AMD Ryzen 5 5600 is the better choice. The Intel Core i5-12400F was released in the first quarter of 2022 and comes from the twelfth generation of Intel's Core i5 processors. It is manufactured with a structure width of 10 nanometers and is based on Intel's Alder Lake S architecture. It was designed for the Intel LGA 1700 socket and is based on a monolithic chip design. The AMD Ryzen 5 5600 was released shortly after the Intel processor in the second quarter of 2022 and comes from the fourth generation of Ryzen 5 processors from AMD. The AMD processor is based on the Vermeer (Zen 3) architecture and is manufactured using the smaller 7-nanometer process. It is designed for the AM4 socket and is based on a chiplet chip design.

Both processors are equipped with 6 processor cores arranged in a normal core architecture. The base clock frequency of the Intel Core i5-12400F is 2.50 gigahertz and the maximum turbo clock is 4.40 gigahertz. The maximum turbo clock when all cores are loaded in parallel is around 4.00 gigahertz. The Intel processor supports Hyperthreading technology, which means it has up to 12 computing threads available if required. The processor cores of the AMD Ryzen 5 5600 clock at 3.50 gigahertz, but here too the clock speed can increase to up to 4.40 gigahertz in turbo mode. When all cores are loaded at the same time, 4.20 gigahertz is still achieved. The AMD processor also supports hyperthreading, which also provides it with up to 12 computing threads. The processor can also be overclocked, something the Intel Core i5-12400F cannot do.

The Intel Core i5-12400F can be operated with up to 128 gigabytes of RAM, while the maximum possible RAM size for the AMD Ryzen 5 5600 is 64 gigabytes.

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